What is a sarcoma and what types of sarcomas exist

tratamiento de sarcomas

A sarcoma is a type of cancer that originates in body tissues, such as muscles or bones. Thus, sarcomas differ mainly according to the point at which they originate, and are classified into two large groups: bone tissue sarcomas and soft tissue sarcomas.


Bone tissue sarcomas

These have their origin in the connective tissue, which is the set of cells that form the structure of the human body. There are different types of bone sarcomas: osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, Ewing’s sarcoma and other sarcomas. This type of tumor especially affects children and adolescents, as well as people over 65 years.


Soft tissue sarcomas

These sarcomas affect the adipose, muscular, nervous and fibrous tissues, as well as the blood vessels. Most originate in arms and legs, although they can also appear on the head, trunk or internal organs, among others.


How are soft tissue sarcomas detected?

Normally the patient detects the appearance of a mass that has grown at some point in his body, although sometimes it is not accompanied by pain. Some of the main symptoms for the detection of these sarcomas are:

  • Emergence of a growing bump.
  • Abdominal pain increasingly intense.


How is a soft tissue sarcoma diagnosed?

The doctor will take into account the patient’s medical history, to know the risk factors. Likewise, in terms of diagnostic tests, an imaging study will be carried out, which may be a common radiography, a CT scan, a nuclear magnetic resonance (being the most accurate in this disease) or an ultrasound, among others. It is necessary for the specialist to perform a biopsy to know the nature of the mass.


How is a soft tissue sarcoma treated?

Surgery is the main treatment of soft tissue sarcomas when they are located. Surgical removal involves removing the tumor without breaking it with a margin of healthy tissue wide enough around it to reduce the risk of relapse. Therefore, putting yourself in the hands of expert surgeons in this type of tumor is essential to ensure the success of the operation.


In addition, in some cases the surgical treatment with radiotherapy and / or chemotherapy is complemented.


Find more information about the treatment here.


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